Alcohol is literary a poison to a human organism. When a person is drunk, alcohol affects central nervous system functioning, provokes vegetative, neurological and mental disorders.
A healthy person has not more than 0,4 promille of alcohol, absorbed into blood from intestine during fermentation. One promille is 1/10 of a percent. If the number of blood alcohol level is higher, it means the person experiences alcohol intoxication.
In practice, both doctors and ordinary people consider alcohol intoxication only those cases when either person’s health or life is threatened. And in these cases, the blood alcohol level is several times higher. It is clear, that you cannot measure blood alcohol level at home, so people usually look at the state the drunk person is in.
There are three stages of alcohol abuse – light, medium and heavy. The first stage, with 2 promille of blood alcohol level, is characterized by state of euphoria, light skin redness, pupillary dilatation, increasing sweating, and often urges for urination. At this stage of alcohol abuse people tend to speak incoherently, more loud and expressive than when they are sober. This state does not last long and passes quickly.
If alcohol blood level around 2-3 promille, it means the medium state of alcohol abuse. At this stage of alcohol abuse a person wiggles while walking, his steps are not even and they can see double. The speech becomes unintelligible, they lose ability to judge the situation and their own actions and words. If you leave a person in this stage alone, he will soon fall asleep. Of course, in the morning, a person, who had a fair amount of drink the previous night, will experience faintness, strong thirst, lack of appetite, nausea and vomiting.
Alcohol intoxication and symptoms pointing out a heavy stage of alcohol abuse, occur when alcohol blood level is more than 3 promille. Being in state like this, a person can experience breathing disorder and even heart failure. Sometimes people become deaf and then sink into coma.
Acute alcohol poisoning with alcohol blood level turned into pure alcohol is 300-400 grams, consumed in a short period of time can cause death. Such symptoms as spasms, breathing troubles, excessive salivation, and blood vessels extension in whites indicate acute alcohol poisoning. 8 grams of pure alcohol per 1 kilo of person’s weight is a lethal dose.
In this case one needs rescue emergency care for acute alcohol intoxication, if neither shaking the patient’s body not giving him ammonia spirits helped. To help person recover from heavy alcohol intoxication he needs to be taken to the specialized hospital department, treating intoxications, otherwise person’s life stays under the threat.
What is dangerous in the state of being drunk? Chronical alcohol intoxication means regular poisoning of organism with alcohol breakdown products. When alcohol gets into human organism, it immediately goes to the liver, which functions as a factory, processing toxic substances. Under the alcohol effect, liver cells die, but at the same time this vitally important organ tries to restore and gives off a special enzyme to process alcohol. The side effect of this process is producing acetaldehyde, a substance very dangerous to human brain. Because of this substance people, consuming alcohol feel all hangover symptoms.
Alcohol intoxication symptoms:
- Headache. It happens because of blood vessels widening after alcohol gets into blood.
- Nausea, vomiting. Ethanol causes both, affecting cerebellum, which is responsible for equilibrium.
- Dizziness. One can feel dizzy because of cerebellum disorder.
- Strong thirst next morning after consuming alcohol. It happens because of the lowering level of antidiuretic hormone, increasing urination.
Even small amounts of alcohol can lead to alcohol intoxication, especially if alcohol is consumed by children, teenagers and people who are too weak after being ill. Even the small dose of alcohol, drunk by those people can cause such a strong alcohol intoxication that it might need special alcohol intoxication therapy.
The idea that small doses of alcohol increase performance ability, make it easier to think and tone up the whole organism is wrong. Even small doses of alcohol lead to carelessness and mistakes at work, easy fatigability, difficulties with memorizing the facts, omitting letters while writing, familiarity in communication with others. When alcohol is drunk regularly, even in small amounts, a person gradually becomes alcoholic and without alcohol feels mental and physical discomfort. To take this feeling, called hangover, the person needs to drink alcohol again.
If alcohol intoxication is not strong, he can experience blood pressure rising, dizziness, high pulse rate and feel sick. When alcohol intoxication is heavier, one can have central nervous system dysfunction. A person can faint and slip into coma. That is why very important to keep a person with alcohol intoxication conscious until the arrival of specialists. The doctors can always help in case of alcohol intoxication if they are on time.
What to do in case of heavy alcohol intoxication
Heavy alcohol intoxication is a transitional state, which is characterized by central nervous system excitement. It can be replaced with a sudden depression. On this stage of alcohol intoxication a patient can slip in coma. Experiencing a heavy stage of alcohol intoxication he also experience vegetative functions disorder, which are necessary for normal functioning of organism. Reflective and movement activity goes down to almost zero. This situation is very dangerous for a human’s life, therefore it is not wise to do anything yourself in order to help person with the heavy stage of alcohol intoxication to feel better. The patient needs urgent narcological help, and every single minute is important in this case. The earlier the process of treatment of alcohol intoxication is started, the more chances a patient has that this intoxication will not affect him seriously.
Call 911 and do the first steps to help the ill. Do not let him lay on his back because he can swallow his own vomit. Put him on his side on a soft bed of sofa. If a person is unconscious, do not cleanse his stomach, in order not to let him swallow the liquid. Only special therapist can help a person, experiencing heavy alcohol intoxication.
Sometimes when the ambulance arrive, the doctors decide that a patient does not need to be taken to the hospital and prescribe further therapy. They give recommendations to alcoholic himself or to his relatives about how to get rid of alcohol intoxication symptoms. Different medicines and injections can be the methods of alcohol intoxication therapy. Very often a drop counter is also prescribed for alcohol intoxication therapy at home.
When a patient has a heavy stage of alcohol intoxication, having a heart failure and breathing difficulties, he needs to be taken to the hospital as soon as possible! Narcological help at home will not be effective in this case, because to get a patient out of this state, reanimation measures should be taken to save his life, which is only possible in the hospital.
How to treat someone with medium and light stages of alcohol intoxication at home? What to do experiencing hangover?
It is wrong to think that pickle helps when you have a strong hangover. On the contrary, the pickle acid together with alcohol produces unstable compounds. They get destroyed very soon and one has alcohol intoxication symptoms again.
To accelerate the process of taking poisons out of organism you need:
- Drink a lot of water and take diuretic medications.
- Take aspirin, because it neutralizes acetaldehyde, produced in your organism, and has painkilling effect.
Of course, you should control yourself while drinking alcohol, in order not to get heavy alcohol intoxication. If you know that you are going to drink alcohol, get ready for it beforehand. For example:
- A few minutes before drinking alcohol take 2-4 tablets of absorbent carbon and keep doing it every hour during all the time you drink alcohol.
- It is good to have a glass of milk before you start drinking alcohol.
- Half an hour before you are going to drink alcohol eat some porridge – buckwheat, oatmeal or semolina porridge.
- Take polyvitamins while drinking alcohol.
These methods separately or individually can have positive effect in order to prevent alcohol intoxication.
If you do nothing from the above, next morning after a heavy drinking you will feel sick, extreme dryness in your mouth, disgust towards food and dizziness. How to minimize those symptoms?
The best remedy in this case is a good sleep. If you have an opportunity to have a nice sleep, use it and try to fall asleep. If you need to leave for work or on business, take any of the medicines that reduce hangover effect. You should take medicines for hangover like Alcoprim, Alcozeltser with large amount of water. It is also good to take a warm shower. Fish soup or salad made from fresh tomatoes help to normalize your fluid-and-electrolyte balance. It is also good to have any cultured milk drink. A little bit later you can drink a cup of strong tea or coffee.
Take Citramon or another painkiller for a heavy headache together with polyvitamins. Activated carbon might help even when alcohol is already absorbed in blood. Activated carbon connects the rests of alcohol in intestines as well as its breakdown products. You should take quite a lot of activated carbon with a lot of water. In the end, it is good to take a walk outside. It helps in any kind of intoxication, especially when it is intoxication with alcohol.
Those methods to reduce hangover effects can be used only if alcohol intoxication was not heavy. If everything you do not have no effect, and new unpleasant symptoms are added, call for the doctor immediately.
Alcohol intoxication can have severe consequences if there was no medical help or it was provided incorrectly. For example, people who suffer from diabetes and had alcohol can slip into coma. People who have high blood pressure or atherosclerosis and experienced alcohol intoxication, can get heart attack or stroke. In these cases, even when a patient manage to survive, he will need a long rehabilitation period later.
Acute alcohol intoxication, mostly chronical, causes exacerbation of all diseases a person suffers from, because of the low immunity and neuroendocrine misbalance. People develop new diseases and feel latent diseases progressing, organism resistance to harmful effects of environment and high physical activity. Very often chronic alcoholics show off cardiovascular diseases, especially ischemic and spastic changes in blood supply of heart and brain and almost all parenchymal organs and limbs. Acute heart failure can be developed by alcoholics as well.
Recidivating cases of alcohol intoxication is the main reason of cancerous clinical course of hypertension, kidneys and liver diseases and diabetes progressing.
That is why it is important to realize that alcohol is a kind of poison and not overconsume alcohol drinks, in order not to experience alcohol intoxication, which is harmful for your health and has quite a few negative consequences for your health.